Apart from the ancient parish churches of Brighton (St Nicholas') and Hove (St Andrew's), and those of the nearby villages that are now part of the city, few places of worship existed until the 19th century.
Reverend Henry Michell Wagner (Vicar of Brighton between 18) and his son Reverend Arthur Wagner founded and funded a succession of Anglican churches for the benefit of Brighton's rapidly growing population, while enduring controversy and conflict over their political and religious ideals; As of the 2001 United Kingdom Census, 247,817 people lived in Brighton and Hove.
The city of Brighton and Hove, on the south coast of England, has more than 100 extant churches and other places of worship, which serve a variety of Christian denominations and other religions.
New housing estates such as Mile Oak, Moulsecoomb and Saltdean were built on land acquired by the boroughs.
Of these, 59.1% were Christian, 1.47% were Muslim, 1.36% were Jewish, 0.7% were Buddhist, 0.52% were Hindu, 0.1% were Sikh, 0.85% were affiliated with another religion, 27.02% followed no religion and 8.88% did not state their religion.
Some of these proportions are significantly different from those of England as a whole.
Twenty-seven current and former places of worship have Grade II status.
In February 2015, Brighton and Hove City Council adopted a new draft "local list of heritage assets".
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A building committee, set up by Henry Michell Wagner before his death, allowed Arthur Wagner and his half-brothers to choose the site themselves.